What is thematic approach in 21st century?
Thematic approach is a technique of education, in which one or many ideas are taught by picking a specific subject. It concentrates on integrating and exploring the topic using various bits of knowledge. Thematic approach (also known as thematic learning) is the process of identifying and emphasising a theme in an educational unit, module, course, or series of courses.
Malaysian education policy involves gearing early childhood education towards developing human capital through teaching and learning methods that prioritize experiences, active engagement, safety, and enjoyment (KPM, 2016).
Thematic units are popular among both children and educators. What many early childhood educators do not realise is that using theme units provides a coordinated approach to educating and learning. Children may relate to real-life events and build on past understanding of a subject. Thematic units also provide teachers with a framework for facilitating learning for each kid who learns in his or her own unique style.
The combination of all disciplines under one theme is a thematic approach to teaching. The skilled plan integrates the curriculum into a framework which encourages students to become familiar with their life skills, academic skills, to recognise their particular abilities and to think critically. There are numerous possibilities for students to learn social, cognitive, emotional, and physical development, all of which are also recognised in our curriculum as equally important qualities.
Thematic Learning Procedures
Depending on the topic to be taught, thematic learning instructions might be organised around a macro or micro theme under in a standard curriculum. The primary steps are as follows:
A theme can be chosen by the teacher or students, and it can range from a simple notion (e.g. planets, plants, animals, etc.) to a huge and complex system (e.g. solar system, continents etc.)
Develop the subjects in an integrated manner into existing courses with respect to understanding of the skills and contents in mind.
This process includes the organisation of additional materials and extracurricular activities for the topic (e.g. field trip to zoo or Science Fair).
Group activities and discussions allow students to participate and to take a common view on the topic. This also helps to explore the issue in creativity.
Guidelines for Writing Thematic Units
Choose a theme that will pique kids’ interest and motivate them. This is because the units are often longer than a week and can last for a month and it is critical to choose a subject that will keep students interested. The teachers might include the fun and creatives activities such as hands on experiment to hold the student interest and focus. Students will benefit from themed learning in a variety of ways, including: